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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Main textThe underrepresentation of Black scientists goes beyond the research team, it applies to the authors, reviewers, and advisory board. It is easy to redirect the blame and point out that any journal is a reflection of the scientific ecosystem. To hide behind statistics. It is an epidemic of denial and it is vital that everybody deny the status quo to fight the overt racism which cripples the lives of Black Americans, including Black scientists. Science has a racism problem Look at human g...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Black American communities are suffering tremendously from the COVID-19 pandemic. Underlying health and social problems make the issues from the pandemic worse. The syndemic theory can help to understand what is happening. A syndemic is when multiple diseases concentrate in a particular community. The co-occurence of the diseases worsen the outcomes of the diseases. The syndemic often coincides with the social problems of that community. Social factors and history have especially caused...
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    dcyphr-d by Clare McGarry on 2020-06-18
    AbstractBraun et al. tested the effect of cytokeratin-positive cancer cells on the development of breast cancer. The authors extracted bone marrow aspirates from the upper iliac crests of patients, with stage I, II, or III breast cancer, who had the tumor removed. Bone marrow aspirates were also extracted from non-cancerous controls. The aspirates were stained with a monoclonal antibody, A45-B/B3, which is bound to antigens on cytokeratins. Follow up appointments ranged from 10-70 months and th...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause severe respiratory symptoms. Lipid membranes envelop the viral RNA. Viruses enter the cell through the endocytic pathway. Controlling this pathway has potential for developing treatments against coronaviruses. Aims    The author writes to compare data that looks into the effectiveness of controlling the endocytic pathway as a treatment for coronaviruses. The author also presents possible treatments. Introduction      Autophagy and the En...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    SummaryIn the past month, there was an outbreak of Kawasaki disease in the Bergamo province. Researchers compared past cases of Kawasaki disease before and after the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.19 patients had Kawasaki disease from 2015 to Feb 17th 2020. There have been 10 cases of Kawasaki disease from Feb 18th to April 20th, 2020. The rate of Kawasaki disease incidence has increased by 30 times. A similar increased rate is expected in other countries affected by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.IntroductionB...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The outbreak of coronavirus has created concern for transmission from mother to fetus. Databases were searched for all relevant academic articles. A review of 13 final articles published has revealed that COVID-19 can cause fetal distress, miscarriage, respiratory distress, and preterm delivery. However, it does not infect newborns. There is no documented transmission from mother to baby. Pregnant women experience the same symptoms as non-pregnant women. It is important to documen...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract       Brain-machine interfaces (BMI) show promise to restore lost sensory or motor function. Similarly, they offer a potential treatment for a variety of neurological disorders. According to the researchers, BMI's have not been utilized by the populus. This is due to limitations in their physical design and ability to transmit information. This paper details Neuralinks first attempt at scalable high-bandwidth BMI. The researchers have built an array that uses small threads with at most ...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractBased on genetics, SARS-CoV-2 is similar to SARS-related coronaviruses seen in horseshoe bats. This study tests small live tissue samples, called organoids, in horseshoe bats. The organoids in this study were made to mimic the intestines. These organoids can be infected with SARS-CoV-2. This shows that COVID-19 can affect the digestive system, not the respiratory system alone. This study compared stool samples and intestinal organoids from bats and humans, and found live virus in both. T...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    AbstractSince SARS-CoV-2 is thought to have originated from bats, it is of significant importance that we observe the susceptibility of other animals as a potential transmission route. In this study the researchers investigate how susceptible ferrets and other animals that are in close contact with humans are to SARS-CoV-2. The researchers found that SARS-CoV-2 replicates poorly in dogs, pigs, chickens, and ducks. However ferrets and cats are not as resistant to infection as the other animals st...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:A certain chemical family known as flavonoids activate pathways that combat oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is the phenomenon in which an imbalance in oxidants and antioxidants leads to programmed cell death. The pathways that are activated are the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) and Nrf2. It is important to note that not all flavonoids are activators of these two pathways. NDGA, a chemical similar to flavonoids, was chosen in this study due to its strong ability to activate the Nrf2 ...