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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractVessel formation (angiogenesis) and inflammation are closely related. A protein on the vessel cells called Endoglin (CD105) is involved in angiogenesis. So this study aims to see if CD105 is also involved in inflammation. They used antibody staining to look at CD105 levels during inflammation and angiogenesis. CD105 was found in low levels in most of the tissue throughout the body. But, it was found at high levels in capillaries near hair follicles, alveoli, and lymph nodes. During wound...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract In cell samples grown in a laboratory setting, the antiparasitic medication ivermectin has shown to be effective against SARS-CoV-2. This has peaked interest because it could possibly treat COVID-19. This study looks at the feasibility of ivermectin as a treatment for COVID-19. The dose needed to be effective against COVID-19 is likely too high for humans to use safely. Introduction As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, several possible drugs are being explored as a tre...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis goal of this study is to see if levels of Vitamin D affects case rate and mortality rate of COVID-19 in European countries. It was found that with higher levels of Vitamin D, the case rate and mortality rate were lower.BackgroundIn many other respiratory tract infections, Vitamin D helps to prevent more serious complications. But COVID-19 may be different because the virus interacts with ACE2 to enter the cell. Calcitriol, which is a form of Vitamin D, increases the amount of ACE2. ...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe jellyfish Aequorea victoria expresses green fluorescent protein (GFP). A complementary DNA can be expressed in prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells. Other substrates or cofactors are not necessary for this fluorescence. Thus, GFP can be used to monitor gene expression and protein localization in living organisms.IntroductionIn the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, the green fluorescent protein (GFP) emits a green light. When the photoprotein aequorin binds to calcium, GFP absorbs excitation en...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe relationship between biodiversity and latitude is controversial. Research that includes immigration and not just origin or extinction support the “out of the tropics” model. This model indicates that taxa prefer to originate from the tropics. Then, they migrate to the poles while remaining in the tropics. Thus, the tropics are a cradle and a museum.IntroductionThe latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is the phenomenon that as one moves from the poles to the equator (tropics), there i...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    AbstractSince SARS-CoV-2 is thought to have originated from bats, it is of significant importance that we observe the susceptibility of other animals as a potential transmission route. In this study the researchers investigate how susceptible ferrets and other animals that are in close contact with humans are to SARS-CoV-2. The researchers found that SARS-CoV-2 replicates poorly in dogs, pigs, chickens, and ducks. However ferrets and cats are not as resistant to infection as the other animals st...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract In this study, the IgM and IgG antibodies associated with SARS-CoV-2 are analyzed from 221 COVID19 positive patients. These antibodies can give insight on the diagnosis, cause of the virus, and course of the virus. The concentration of the IgM antibodies was highest between day 16 and 18 after the first day of symptoms. IgG antibodies peaked between days 19 and 21. The IgG concentration was much higher in severe cases compared to other cases of COVID19. Just over 50% of patients who d...
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    dcyphr-d by Luca Gisellu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Mandates for public mask use during the COVID-19 pandemic have forced widespread use of homemade masks and mask alternatives due to a shortage of professional supplies. Many homemade masks and recommended alternatives have not been tested for their ability to reduce disease spread. The authors of this paper have created a simple measurement method to see how well certain masks prevent the spread of respiratory droplets while talking. They compared commonly available masks to surgical ma...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe three proteins, Sar1p, Sec13p complex, and Sec23p complex, contribute to the synthesis of transport vesicles. The vesicles derive from the endoplasmic reticulum. Vesicle formation requires GTP. But, GMP-PNP, a nonhydrolyzable analog of GTP, can cause vesicle formation as well. But, GMP-PNP vesicles cannot target and fuse with the Golgi complex. All three proteins remain on the vesicles. Yet, GTP vesicles are functional. Sar1p dissociates from GTP vesicles, allowing for fusion. Thin s...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractPain comes from sensory input as well as situational context from the brain. Research has associated pain with neuronal oscillations (brain waves) at different frequencies. This paper looks to compile information on how the different frequencies of these oscillations and prediction come together to make the experience of pain. Trends        In chronic pain, the brains ability to consider both the physical sensation and emotional/contextual information is interrupted. The large range of f...