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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Racial disparities in pain management have been previously documented. Further understanding of the causes of these disparities is needed to make healthcare provision equitable. In this study, the researchers wanted to understand racial differences in how analgesia is administered in children with appendicitis. Analgesia are drugs that relieve pain. They paid special attention to the administration of opioids. This study was a repeated, observational study of patients less than 21 years...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This paper analyzes the effect New Jersey’s decline in horse racing has on the state’s veterinarians. More specifically, the study looks on several veterinarian practices’ revenue and staff size over the last five years. The data gathered suggests that only veterinarians involved in racehorse breeding (vs those in horse racing) were negatively impacted by the industry’s decline.  Introduction New Jersey’s share in the $122 billion dollar equine industry was estimated at $1.1 billion in ...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Canada and the United States are both similar in that they are liberal welfare states, but have significant differences in poverty resulting from social policies. A more generous welfare system can uplift people from poverty, but more income from the state may also displace private savings and merely substitute people’s income rather than increase it (substitution effect). In this study, the researchers used nationally representative surveys of wealth in Canada and the U.S from the late...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Microplastics (MP) have become a global threat recently. Their toxicity is largely unknown. This study looks at the toxic effects of 0.5 μm, 4 μm, and 10 μm polystyrene microplastic (PS-MPs) on the male reproductive system of adult mice. 4 and 10 μm MP accumulated in the testis of the mice, while all three sizes were able to enter into three different kinds of testicular cells. The testosterone levels and sperm quality both declined after exposure for 28 days. Cellular abnormalities wer...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionThe novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is causing the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of the common symptoms of the coronavirus include cough, fever, headache, soreness, and more. In Spain, dermatologists have been treating patients virtually. The researchers noted an increasing number of cases of lesions that resemble chilblains. Chilblains are skin sores that show up when small blood vessels become inflamed from the cold. The majority of patients were children or young adults. They initially h...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe purpose of the study detailed here is to examine lung abnormalities in COVID-19 patients with CT scans and to see how these abnormalities are connected to how long they’ve had the disease. Scans performed on 112 patients show that CT scans could be used to measure the severity of lung damage in COVID-19 patients. These scans showed that the disease changes rapidly at first, but remains stable afterwards.IntroductionCOVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and pneumoni...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis study assesses Endoglin’s (Eng) role in wound healing by comparing heterozygous Eng+/- mice and normal Eng+/+ mice. The area of the wound was higher in Eng+/- mice and took longer to heal compared to the Eng+/+ mice. The Eng+/- mice had slower growing and elongated in shape keratin cells. Decreased nitric oxide (NO) slowed the healing of normal Eng+/+ mice, but had no effect on Eng+/- mice. Increased NO caused faster wound closure in Eng+/-, but had no effect on the Eng+/+ mice. Sti...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionOne of the first steps utilized by governments trying to combat the spread of novel coronavirus is the restriction of public mobility. This tactic includes everything from limiting public transportation to banning public gatherings. While past studies have looked at the effect of mobility restrictions on certain subpopulations (school children or workers), none have observed information about a population as a whole. This study’s goal is to create several comprehensive coronavirus tr...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionThe severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is currently causing a pandemic. The 50%% tissue-culture infectious dose [TCID50] is the concentration of the virus needed to kill 50%% of its host cells. MethodsThe authors used a Bayesian regression model to collect data on the decay rates of the SARS viruses. They defined aerosols as particles less than 5 µm in size. They created aerosols using a three-jet Collison nebulizer and a Goldberg drum. The environment cre...
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    dcyphr-d by Oby Uche on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:COVID-19 is an acute respiratory tract infection. Understanding where exactly the SARS-CoV-2 virus replicates and infects within the body is important in trying to contain the virus. The paper reports, based on review of nine cases, that the SARS-CoV-2 virus can replicate in upper respiratory tract tissues. Active replication in the throat was confirmed by the presence of viral replicative RNA in throat samples. Significant amounts of virus can still be found in the sputum (phlegm) of p...