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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    Significance / AbstractInvasive species are species that are not native to a certain area. When they enter a new area, they can harm the area's environment, plants, and animals. This article is concerned with invasive species' potential to harm global agriculture. The authors of the article aim to determine which countries are hit the hardest by invasive species and which produce the most invasive species threat.IntroductionInvasive species cause crop loss, reducing food supplies and agricultura...
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    dcyphr-d by Katerina Christopoulou on 2020-06-18
    BackgroundThe scientists aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of anosmia in patients with confirmed COVID-19, as it has been rarely described in medical literature. MethodsThe scientists conducted a retrospective observational study in which they included COVID-19 patients with anosmia. They used SARS-CoV-2 real time PCR on respiratory samples to confirm the cases. The scientists called non-hospitalised and discharged patients seven days (± 7 days) after the first symptoms and ev...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This is a paper published during the exponential rise of COVID-19 cases in Italy, before the country experienced its peak. It uses statistical models and information gathered from Hubei, China to predict the exponential growth in the number of COVID-19 in Italy. The time frame of the predictions is over, but the methods shared remain valuable and they may be used in other regions. The data presented in the paper anticipated a spike in cases which would overwhelm the country’s intensive ...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract SARS-CoV-2 has been found in stool, gastrointestinal tract, saliva, and urine samples in the past. This study is the first to conduct research on the virus’s presence in semen. It should be noted that the study is limited in its sample size (only 32 semen samples from different individuals) and the extent of its data (no study of fetal development). With this being said, the paper states that semen may carry SARS-CoV-2, even in recovering patients. Introduction A strong comprehension o...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractStress exposure during childhood and adulthood is linked to increased risk for lifetime disease and shortened telomere length. Shortened telomere length may be involved in the relationship between lifetime stress exposure and an increased risk for disease. The authors conducted a longitudinal study to examine telomere length reduction over time and how it may be related to the total count, duration (acute or chronic), timing (childhood or adulthood), and perceived severity of stressors. ...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study uses ANSYS workbench 16.0 (modeling software) to conduct thermal structure analysis: to observe the thermal stresses and heat fluxes of brake rotors using different materials and designs. It uses this type of analysis to evaluate rotor performance under extreme braking conditions (when heat related issues are most prevalent). Introduction Modern braking systems involve a rotor and caliper design. A rotor attached to a hub spins along with a vehicle’s wheel and a caliper appli...
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    dcyphr-d by Akaash Saraf on 2020-06-18
    Abstract:The virus that originated in China, SARS-CoV-2, that led to Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) at the end of 2019 has spread to 28 countries/regions infecting a confirmed 43,000 people. The virus is spread between humans through direct contact or through droplets. The incubation period is 6.4 days and has a reproduction number of 2.24-3.58 (i.e. it is expected that one case will give rise to 2.24-3.58 cases). The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever followed by cough. The drug remdesi...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study explores the influence which psychological pain may have on an individual’s self-harming tendencies. 207 individuals participated, providing socio-demographic information, clinical information, and responding to the Psychache Scale (psychological pain rating method). Covariables such as drug use and patient interactions with psychiatrists were accounted for. Overall findings suggest that psychological pain “significantly contributes in predicting self-harming behaviours.”Intr...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDeep learning, which is when a machine learns how to perform a task, has a lot of potential in medicine as a tool for diagnostics. However, there have been privacy issues and lack of diverse data. So, many institutions do not use deep learning. Federated learning is a new model that allows institutions to collaborate without sharing patient data. Federated learning is almost as effective as institutions sharing data with one another. This new model can allow even larger amounts of data t...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Oligoanalgesia, or the undertreatment of acute pain, was previously thought to be because of physician’s fears of covering up serious underlying causes of acute pain. In this study, the researchers assessed whether gender disparities exist in the administration of analgesics (pain relievers) by physicians. The researchers studied nonpregnant adults with acute stomach pain who went to urban emergency departments from April 2004 to January 2005. The main outcomes studied were analgesia ad...