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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Previous studies have shown that black people have lower triage acuity scores (TAS), which determine how urgent a patient’s condition is in emergency departments (EDs), than white people. However, these studies did not determine whether this was due to bias of triagers or proper triage according to the severity of patients’ conditions. In this study, the researchers wanted to determine if black people are assigned lower TAS even after adjusting for demographic and clinical differences. ...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Black people with diabetes have worse health outcomes and diabetes management compared to white people. In this study, the researchers wanted to understand if there were certain risk factors for poor diabetes control/outcomes that were more prevalent in black people than white people. The researchers used a case-control study and enrolled 764 black and white patients with diabetes who received care. Cases in the study had poor control over at least two of these three outcomes: HbA1c lev...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The ability of light to pass through an electrode (optical transparency) and the ability of an electrode to carry a current (electrical conductivity) are necessary for technology like solar powered generators, lights, and touch screens. Usually, the electrodes have to be unfavorably less transparent than the structures they are built on, so the relative transmittance is less than 100%. This study used a dielectric-metal-dielectric-based electrode with a higher transparency than what is...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractImplicit bias negatively affects doctor-patient relationships and communications. However, its effect on interactions between oncologists and their patients is unknown. In this study, the researchers examined how implicit bias influences oncology interactions. They also examined whether implicit bias in oncologists negatively affect patients confidence in and perceived difficulty of suggested cancer treatments. 18 non-black physicians and 112 black patients participated. Oncologists comp...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract In this study, the researchers wanted to determine characteristics associated with the high COVID-19 incidence on Native American reservations. They examined 287 Native American Reservations and tribal homelands, which had 861 cases as of April 10th, 2020. The relationship between COVID-19 infection rate and certain community and household characteristics was examined. The researchers found that COVID-19 cases were more likely to be found on Native American Reservations with a higher pr...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMachine learning may be used as an alternative to traditional alignment-based approaches to identify new anti-microbial resistance (AMR) genes, especially when microbes cannot be grown in labs. In a previous study, the researchers created an algorithm that identified AMR genes using protein characteristics, called “features,” in Gram-negative bacteria using machine learning. In this study, the researchers show that this algorithm also works for Gram-positive bacteria, identifying AMR gen...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractLysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) has well-known effects on perception and is used to supplement psychotherapy for anxiety in those with life-threatening illnesses. Unknown, however, is its effects on emotional processing in ways applicable to therapy. Using the Face Emotion Recognition Task (FERT) to measure emotional processing, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) to measure empathy, and the Social Value Orientation (SVO) test to assess social behavior, the authors found LSD to impair f...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Background: A myofascial trigger point is a hyperirritable spot on a skeletal muscle. It is typically marked by a knot that can be felt through the skin. Previous studies suggest that they may be involved in chronic pain disorders, specifically unexplained headaches. The purpose of this study is to review methods to detect myofascial trigger points and their relation to tension-type headaches and migraines.Findings: Several methods have been used to detect myofascial trigger points (MTr...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study looks at the effect of microplastic fibers (MPF) on American lobster, Homarus americanus. The life span, molting patterns, and oxygen consumption of larval stages 1-3 and post-larval stage 4 are tested. Overall the results show that the effects of MPF on American lobster larvae are dependent upon the MPF concentration, the stage of the larvae, and the presence of other food. Introduction  Microplastics are any plastic particle less than 5mm in diameter. Most are produced from...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study tests the effectiveness of a new take on the mask shortage, using iMASC. The iMASC system (Injection Molded Autoclavable, Scalable, Conformable system) is a filter that can be used, removed, sanitized and reused in place of a single use N95 mask. The study used OSHA-approved testing and a questionnaire to assess the fit score, breathability, and user friendliness of the replaceable filter. Aims This study aims to measure the success of iMASC as an alternative to a single use ...