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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe symbiosis, or mutually beneficial relationship between organisms, between the Hawaiian bobtail squid and bioluminescent bacteria Vibrio fischeri gives researchers an opportunity to study and understand interactions between microorganisms and their hosts in a natural environment. V. fischeri colonizes a specialized organ in the bobtail squid meant for producing light (light organ). This begins a lifelong symbiosis in which each morning, the squid expels 95% of the bacteria and other ...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     This study creates a device that is known as an optrode array. Optrode is referring to an optical electrode. This means that the electrodes are able to send signals to the neurons that are stimulated when flashing a light. Several versions were completed with the first causing extensive damage to the brain cortex. The following models were inserted into mice and were shown to cause minimal damage while allowing for long-term (6 month) tolerability.  Introduction    Previous optrodes...
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    dcyphr-d by Kevin Dai on 2020-06-18
    AbstractSentence Simplification has been unprogressive due to the lack of supervised data (particularly in other languages than English). Martin et al. sought to change that by employing unsupervised mining techniques to automate creation of training corporas for simplification in multiple languages from raw Common Crawl web data. The authors used a controllable generation mechanism that adjusts attributes such as length and lexical complexity, leading to mined paraphrase corpora that can be use...
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    dcyphr-d by Zoe Robertson on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Herbicide resistant (HR) weeds are a significant concern today as a result of the widespread use of herbicides and the overuse of a few active ingredients in herbicides. Other factors, including human and environmental ones, have also increased herbicide resistance. This review focuses on (1) how different factors impacted the growth of resistance and (2) what can be changed to achieve integrated weed management. Integrated weed management controls weeds without excessive herbicide use,...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis is a retrospective study revealing mortality information about 52 critically illadult patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan Jin Yin-tan hospital. Symptom, laboratory, comorbidity and outcome data was gathered about these ICU patients. Overall findings noted significant mortality for ill individuals over 65 years of age and a frequent need for mechanical respiration.Introduction  The initial spread of the now global SARS-CoV-2 virus was traced back to areas around Wuhan, China....
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis study examined the stress and psychological distress of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) survivors 1 year after the outbreak in 2003. During the SARS outbreak, the researchers used the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) to assess SARS survivors in 2 hospitals. They evaluated the survivors 1 year later to complete the PSS-10 in 2004. They were also asked to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and tests for depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic symptoms. T...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     This study outlines a process that is both electrical and chemical in nature. It is therefore referred to as electrochemical. This study looks at the conversion of carbon dioxide CO2 directly into ethanol by using a new carbon-copper catalyst.  This electrochemical process simultaneously lowers atmospheric CO2 and provides an avenue to store renewable energy in the form of ethanol. The carbon-cooper catalyst had a high Faraday efficiency (FE), which is a measure of how easily an ele...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Introduction Osteosarcoma is a kind of cancer that causes immature bone to form, often on the ends of long bones such as the femur, and has an incidence of 3.4 cases per million people per year. It is more common in the second decade of life, due to the high rate of bone growth during puberty. The genetic cause and related events of osteosarcoma are poorly understood, such that therapies informed by genetics are limited.   Paleopathology, or the study of diseases in ancient human or animal remai...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Microplastics (MP) have become a global threat recently. Their toxicity is largely unknown. This study looks at the toxic effects of 0.5 μm, 4 μm, and 10 μm polystyrene microplastic (PS-MPs) on the male reproductive system of adult mice. 4 and 10 μm MP accumulated in the testis of the mice, while all three sizes were able to enter into three different kinds of testicular cells. The testosterone levels and sperm quality both declined after exposure for 28 days. Cellular abnormalities wer...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Administering a medication through the skin is called transdermal drug delivery (TDD). Currently, transdermal drug delivery is limited because not all drugs can penetrate through the skin. This study adds a pressure treatment to the skin, which increases micropores and gap junctions, while decreasing tight junctions. This means the skin is more permeable to the drug, and drugs like insulin can be given topically after a pressure treatment with an 80% efficient yield. Aims This study ai...