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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Despite the limited images of lightning on Jupiter, many photos have been used to determine the properties of lightning on Jupiter. For the first time, very high resolution photos have been taken of lightning, which show a higher flash rate, faster flash duration, and more accurate HWHM values. Same of the lightning has an origin higher than liquid water exists, which causes scientists to reconsider the known mechanism of lightning generation. Aims This study aims to discuss the meanin...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Canada and the United States are both similar in that they are liberal welfare states, but have significant differences in poverty resulting from social policies. A more generous welfare system can uplift people from poverty, but more income from the state may also displace private savings and merely substitute people’s income rather than increase it (substitution effect). In this study, the researchers used nationally representative surveys of wealth in Canada and the U.S from the late...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Burning fossil fuels has resulted in changes in the sulfur cycle. Emissions of sulfur dioxide and reactive sulfur into the atmosphere has caused devastating health and environmental impacts, resulting in calls to decrease sulfur emissions. However, human-driven changes in the sulfur cycle continue. In this perspective piece, the researchers use four case studies from the U.S to show how not only sulfur emissions, but sulfur added as fertilizers in agriculture are a major, yet under-stud...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The tuatara is a reptile species living only in New Zealand. The tuatara are a species that connect the extinct dinosaurs and modern reptiles evolutionarily. Researchers often study the tuatara to understand amniote evolution and development. Amniotes are vertebrates that lay eggs, including reptiles, birds, and some mammals. In this paper, the researchers analyzed the tuatara genome, which is one of the largest vertebrate genomes. They looked at proteins and non-coding RNA, and sequenc...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract There is an urgent need to identify therapeutics against COVID-19. Here, the researchers developed a machine learning method to identify candidates. First, they collected data for 65 human proteins that interact with SARS-CoV-2 proteins. Then, they trained machine learning models to predict inhibitory activity and used the models to evaluate ~100,000 FDA-approved drugs and ~14 million chemicals. The researchers screened these predictions based on toxicity and their readiness to evaporat...
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    dcyphr-d by George Ponodath on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionCoronaviruses cause respiratory and intestinal infections in animals and humans. They were not considered to be highly pathogenic to humans until the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002 and 2003. Ten years after SARS, another coronavirus: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged in Middle Eastern countries.SARS Coronavirus uses "ACE2" (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) as a receptor to infect specific lung cells (ciliated bronchial epith...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Every year, all humans produce around 1021  bits of digital information on Earth. A bit is a shorthand way to reference binary digits, which are either a 1 or 0. These are the base units that computers use to calculate everything. This study assumes a 20% growth rate which predicts that after 350 years from now the amount of bits produced will surpass the amount of atoms on Earth, and around 300 years from now, the amount of energy required to sustain the production of these digital bi...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This paper analyzes the effect New Jersey’s decline in horse racing has on the state’s veterinarians. More specifically, the study looks on several veterinarian practices’ revenue and staff size over the last five years. The data gathered suggests that only veterinarians involved in racehorse breeding (vs those in horse racing) were negatively impacted by the industry’s decline.  Introduction New Jersey’s share in the $122 billion dollar equine industry was estimated at $1.1 billion in ...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Patients with cardiovascular disease and inflammation have high levels of soluble endoglin in their blood. Mice expressing human soluble endoglin (sEng+) were put under different inflammatory conditions. sEng+ mice has reduced lung and kidney injury after inflammation. There were also lower levels of neutrophils in inflamed lungs and kidneys. The sEng+ mice also had less proinflammatory cytokines, like TNF-alpha, IL1-beta, and IL6 compared to the wildtype mice. Cell adhesion molecules l...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe composition of wheat protein may trigger celiac disease. This study compares 60 types of wheat grown over 3 years for things like height, yield, protein, gliadin, glutenin, albumin/globulin ratio, and gluten. When looking at proteins, this study found that the year of harvest, not the type of plant, had a larger effect. This study did not find evidence supporting modern wheat varieties triggering celiac disease more than other types of wheat.AimsThis study aims to identify if differe...