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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Precision medicine, an approach to treating disease that accounts for individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle, necessitates gathering diverse data. Rather than trying to gather as much data as possible, the intersections of different kinds of data are thought to enable identification of different subgroups of patients that have different combinations of disease and individual traits. In this study, the researchers test this thought using autism. The researchers comb...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Vaccinating 50-70% of school-aged children may produce indirect protection of the general population. In this study, the researchers evaluated a city-wide school-located influenza (flu) vaccination intervention (SLIV). The campaign was implemented from 2014-2018 in ~95 preschools and elementary schools in northern Califronia. The researchers used a matched cohort design, matching the preschools with a pair that did not have the vaccine campaign. The researchers then estimated the impa...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study presents the use of radiant cooling in Singapore as a method for people to feel more comfortable and cool in warm and humid climates. The authors claim that radiant cooling is a viable alternative to traditional systems despite the widely held beliefs that the low temperatures required for radiant cooling to work would cause condensation, and the air in contact with the chilled pads would become chilled and thus reduce the effectiveness of the radiant cooling. This study prov...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study explores regenerative ranching (RR), which includes managed grazing and more climate friendly techniques. Though implementing RR techniques will be difficult for many reasons, it shows promise to be an effective way to solve the climate issues with traditional ranching techniques. Aims The aim of this study is to explore RR and the opinions of ranchers on RR. Introduction and Literature Review Introduction Livestock are huge contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    SummaryThe retrovirus HaMSV was used to introduce activated ras genes to mice. After the tumor promoter TPA was added, the same mice developed benign tumors. Some benign tumors eventually became malignant. Cells initiated by HaMSV can remain in the body for at least four months. This study shows that activating ras genes in mice has the same effect as giving them chemical carcinogens. This suggests that ras and other oncogenes have an important role in tumor development.IntroductionCancer develo...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   Chagas disease affects thousands in America, and diagnosis of chronic Chagas diseases requires two different tests. Four tests that are currently available include the Hemagen, Ortho, Wiener, and InBios tests. In this paper, the authors test the accuracy of these tests. From the results they obtained, they also suggest which sorts of tests to use as the two required diagnostic tests.    Introduction   Chagas disease is a tropical disease common to North, Central, and South America. It...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    AbstractOlfactory dysfunction (issues with one’s sense of smell) is a symptom which has recently been associated with COVID-19. With this being said, there is little data on the duration of the condition or on patient recovery timelines. This paper used a series of online surveys to analyze the symptom’s relationship with COVID-19 and to gain recovery data.  Introduction Anosmia (loss of sense of smell) has been added to the extensive list of symptoms associated with COVID-19, alongside respirat...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   COVID-19 has caused great damage to public health and healthcare systems, so slowing its spread is a priority. The authors of this paper studied different types of COVID-19 transmission and how much they account for the virus’s overall spread. They then used this information to figure out what is needed for isolation and contact tracing to be effective in curbing spread. From the insight they gained, they believe that contact tracing is best implemented using an app. They also cover e...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Normal mice, as well as knockout mice for platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1 -/-) and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS-/-) mice were tested to see how their vessels responded to histamine. Histamine increased vessel dilation and then vessel constriction in the normal and PECAM-1 -/- mice, but the eNOS -/- mice had only constriction. Several agonists and antagonists were tested in each different mice. The results show that the response of vessels to histamine is regulated ...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Aims In this letter to the editor, the authors aim to predict the total number of COVID-19 cases and deaths in Brazil by January 2021. Introduction As of August 19, 2020, Brazil has already had more than 300 million COVID-19 cases. The number of deaths is past 100,000 with a case fatality rate of 3.2%. Case fatality rate is the percentage of patients that pass away due to a disease compared to the total number of cases. The case fatality rate is likely an underestimate because researchers canno...