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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     Studies show that microplastic has a negative impact on the wildlife. Thus the presence of microplastic in marine species that humans consume presents a health risk to humans. This study reviews the potential health effects of microplastic in marine species on human food security and human health. Knowledge on this subject is very limited and this study pushes the boundary of our knowledge. Additional research in this area is needed to ensure human health and food security. Backgrou...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The authors compared patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a healthy control group about childhood traumatic life events, parental attitudes, family history of mental illness, and birth risk factors. BPD patients reported more severe traumatic events and childhood traumatic experiences (i.e., sexual abuse, violence, separation from parents). Attitudes towards parents were significantly more negative in BPD patients. BPD patients also reported higher rates of mental il...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Using psychiatric signs or symptoms, symptom severity, diagnoses based on ICD-10, DSM-IV, or the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (third edition), quality of life, and employment as outcome variables in this systematic review and meta-analysis, the researchers examined the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric (i.e., delirium) displays of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. If SARS-CoV-2 follows a similar course to SARS-CoV or MERS, most patients will likely recover without experiencing a ...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMucosal barrier immunity in the intestine is essential for maintaining the commensal microflora (friendly gut bacteria) and fighting bacterial infection. Previously, immune and epithelial cells were thought to maintain this balance between harboring the commensal microflora and fighting infection. In this study, the researchers show that the enteric nervous system (ENS), or neurons in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in this balance. The researchers found that the ENS ...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adults. Research shows that ADHD patients have symptoms of abnormal circadian rhythms. A person’s circadian rhythm is how their body changes as night and day pass. In other words, it is their sleep-wake cycle. A mutation in a protein involved in this cycle, per1b, causes zebrafish to display ADHD-like symptoms. These symptoms include hyperactivity, bad impulse control, decreas...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDiabetes patients seem to have different clinical outcomes based on their race. Understanding how cultural and racial factors affect these patients can bring about more efficient and humane care. It is possible that factors like food/housing insecurity, perceived discrimination, and mental health are not taken into consideration when caring for these patients. More research is necessary to determine how these conditions affect these patients in a clinical setting.Burden of Type 2 Diabete...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand how non-medical interventions impact COVID-19 transmission, especially to plan future measures to combat the ongoing pandemic. In this study, the researchers used data from American counties of reported infections and deaths along with data about how people move from place to place and a mathematical transmission model. Combining these three things, the researchers quantified changes in COVID-19 transmission in the U.S from March 2020 to May 2020. They found...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe 2020 COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting discriminated and marginalized peoples more than others. Crises like this pandemic cause social inequality to be exaggerated, especially when economic troubles are involved. This writing looks to explain and expand upon how COVID-19 has affected these groups of people. These researchers would like to outline research plans and models for professionals to follow. This would help experts analyze and study how COVID-19 is affecting vulnerable po...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThere are many existing hypotheses for the mechanism of DNA replication. There are three main models. The conservative model states that the parent DNA molecule remains completely intact. New DNA molecules are made of completely new strands. The semiconservative model states that each new DNA has one new strand and one parent strand. The dispersive model states that fragments of the parent are randomly passed on.Previous experiments used radioisotope labels to study DNA. In this experime...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis was a retrospective study about the effect of hydroxychloroquine (with or without azithromycin) on in-hospital mortality and abnormal electrocardiogram findings. The study focused on adverse effects of this drug, opposed to its efficacy as a COVID-19 therapeutic. Records from 25 NY metropolitan region hospitals (representing 88.2% of COVID-19 patients in the area) were collected. Four groups were examined: patients receiving hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, hydroxychloroquine a...