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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This research team has designed a coating that can lower the ability of SARS-CoV-2 virus to live on solid surfaces. The coating can be applied to commonly touched objects like doorknobs, pens, phone cases, and credit card keypad buttons for example. The coating reduces the living virus by an average of 99.9% in one hour and continues to work after exposure to water and other disinfectants. Aims This study aims to create a coating that can prevent the spread of COVID-19 by eliminating l...
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    dcyphr-d by Abrielle Robare on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis article is an analysis of police officer body camera footage. Computer programs have evaluated transcripts of the interactions to study the respectfulness of police officers to the people they've pulled over. The researchers found racial disparities in the amount of respect police treat civilians.IntroductionInteractions between officers and civilians are everyday occurrences. The outcome of the conversation depends on the language of both parties. The correlation between the race o...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The U.S. used the northern Marshall Islands to test nuclear weapons between 1946 and 1958. The radioactivity may still be present from the decay of cesium-137. The authors studied six islands. All islands had radioactive islands that were within safety standards except for Bikini Island. Some islands still had some radioactivity. Bikini Island had excessive and unsafe gamma radiation. Further research needs to find if radiation exposure through food ingestion or other ways make habitati...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     This paper uses baryonic matter which is composed of baryons. Baryons include subatomic particles such as protons, neutrons, and all objects composed of them (atomic nuclei), however it excludes leptons and electrons. This paper uses baryonic matter and a mathematical relation known as the Tully-Fisher relation (bTFR) to better calculate the H0, which is the hubble constant. The hubble constant is a number that can change with time, but is the ratio of the velocity to the distance o...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    Abstract 3651 injection drug users (IDUs) were tested for HIV using Serologic Test Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS). The HIV incidence in IDUs decreased from 3.55 per 100 people to 0.77 per 100 people from 1990 to 2002. During this time, syringe exchange programs increased in use for 250,000 to 3,000,000 syringes exchanged per year. There is a clear association between syringe exchange programs and HIV prevalence. Aims This study aims to see if syringe exchange programs decreased...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This study sought to test the immunogenicity (the ability of something to create an immune response) and safety of a candidate non-replicating adenovirus type-5 (Ad5)-vectored COVID-19 vaccine. This vaccine is the first COVID-19 vaccine candidate in a clinical trial, and is a genetically modified virus that is unable to replicate and expresses SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, generating an antibody response against this protein. The researchers also wanted to determine a safe and effective dos...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThermosets are chemicals made up of multiple subunits that are covalently bonded to one another (cross-linked). The many bonds make a material tough. Thermosets are important in the production of polymers, such as rubber or plastics. But, because thermosets are so sturdy, they are not degradable or recyclable. The authors use thermoset polydicyclopentadiene (pDCPD) for this study. They find that within a subunit or comonomer, there can be bonds that can be broken. If this is the case, th...
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    dcyphr-d by David Chen on 2020-06-18
    AbstractPrevious research has examined mutational signatures in terms of single base substitutions. Further classification of small mutational events can provide a systematic and thorough analysis of the landscape of mutations that exist in cancer genomes. SigProfilerMatrixGenerator is a tool designed to analyze and visualize the mutational patterns found in cancer genomes. The tool produces fourteen matrices, each comprised of distinct classifications for single base substitutions, double base ...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     Humans have exposure to microplastics through a variety of sources on a daily basis. The health effects are unknown, and this study looks at all pertinent studies published up to September of 2016 in relation to health effects. Microplastics could accumulate and produce a toxicity that is localized to the spot where they gather. This could even induce an immune response. There is also risk in the toxicity that comes from chronic exposure and the chemicals added to the plastic. The t...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis study provides the first evidence of mental distress and its predictors in Brazil during the COVID-19 epidemic. The researchers conducted a survey of 638 adults in Brazil one month after the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Sao Paulo, the epicenter of the Brazilian outbreak. They found that 52% of the sampled adults experienced moderate distress, and 18.8% suffered severe distress. Female, younger, more educated adults reported higher levels of distress. The distance from Sao P...