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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This paper shares details about Mitsubishi’s development of a TiAl alloy designed specifically for turbocharger applications (turbine wheels). While some information is dated, the research and development of this alloy was a significant step towards designing modern turbochargers.  Introduction A turbocharger is a device used by many gasoline and diesel power vehicles. It recycles pressurized gases coming from a vehicle’s exhaust manifold, using them to spin a turbine and create positiv...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    Aims In this study, the researchers analyzed U.S data about injuries inflicted by police and private security guards to understand trends over time and by race/ethnicity. Introduction Police violence/brutality is a medical and public health concern. Public health and medical professionals have called for more research about the health consequences of policing. Recent research has examined relationships between racial discrimination by police on health, as well as how public health surveillance c...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) patients do not respond to antidepressant medication and have a chronic and debilitating form of major depressive disorder (MDD). TRD patients may benefit from trauma-focused psychotherapies, specifically trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR). These psychotherapies significantly reduced depressive symptoms, with EMDR’s effects, in particular, being maintained at 12 weeks ...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract     COVID-19 is only one of the life-threatening outbreaks that took place in the last decade. Experts believe that the COVID-19 virus originated in Wuhan, Hubei, China. The emergence of coronaviruses like this may be a big threat to people’s health across the world. Research on SARS-CoV may help scientists understand COVID-19 since the two viruses have many similarities epidemiologically. In this paper, researchers look into using monoclonal antibodies to help treat SARS-CoV and MERS-C...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract This paper discusses the measures taken in Guangdong, China (most populated province in the country) to curb the spread of COVID-19. Many of the region's recent draconian measures are based on its experience from fighting the 2003 SARS outbreak. Strict regulations combined with extensive healthcare measures resulted in significant day-on-day infection ratio drop offs starting Feb 1st. Introduction China’s early spike in COVID-19 cases makes it a valuable source of information for other ...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe coronavirus spike protein (S) allows the virus to begin infecting a cell. The S protein is made of two parts: the S1 and S2 domains. S1 is responsible for letting the virus bind to receptors on the surface of the cell. S2 helps the viral membrane fuse with the cell’s membrane. In certain cases, there are proteins that can cut these two pieces apart. Research has shown that viral entry into the cell requires this proteolysis by cathepsin L, but treatment with trypsin also allows the v...
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    dcyphr-d by Katerina Christopoulou on 2020-06-18
    Introduction The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak originated in the city of Wuhan at the end of 2019, China, and is now a global pandemic. The scientists explain that the Infection Fatality Rate (IFR) is the number of deaths as a proportion of all persons infected with the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) is the proportion among confirmed cases. According to the scientists, the IFR can be lower than the CFR if many SARS-CoV-2 infections with mild or no symptoms ...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIn this study, researchers examined the blood types of Wuhan patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 with the blood types of healthy citizens in the surrounding area. They found that COVID-19 infections were more common among people with type A blood and less frequent in people with type O blood. This is an early study. Regardless, it should encourage more researchers to study the link between blood type and COVID-19 infection rate.IntroductionPast studies have shown that traits such as age, g...
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    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    Abstract  This study evaluated the efficacy of several known antiviral drugs (ribavirin, penciclovir, nitazoxanide, nafamostat, chloroquine, remdesivir, and favipiravir) in treating 2019-nCoV. These medications were tested on lab isolated 2019-nCoV in vitro. A series of standard assays were used to gather cytotoxicity, virus yield, and infection rate data. Overall, remdesivir and chloroquine stand out for their effectiveness against 2019-nCoV and because of the experience the medical community h...
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    dcyphr-d by Vincent Lam on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand the future of how COVID-19 will spread if we are to control it. The authors of this article examined known info on other viruses in the coronavirus family. They used this info to make models to predict how COVID-19 will spread after this initial pandemic. From these models, they predicted that after the pandemic, recurring outbreaks of COVID-19 will take place during subsequent winters. To avoid having more COVID-19 cases than hospitals can handle, social di...