Loading...
dcyphr | Browse
Browse

Take a look to see if the paper you are reading is here. If not, submit a request in the "Request" tab!

  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when inflammation of the lungs leads to respiratory failure without cardiac failure. The mortality of patients with ARDS is still high despite efforts to develop treatments. Identifying biomarkers of ARDS will help decrease mortality. This study looks at soluble advanced glycation end-products, soluble tumor necrosis factor-receptor 1, interleukin-6, interleukin8, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 for ARDS treatment by a soluble inhib...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractAbout 100,000 people in the United States are in need of a kidney transplant, and 400,000 people are on dialysis. This study aims to discover more about the ability to create a transplantable kidney graft. They decellularized a rat, pig, and human kidney in this study, and recellularized the rat kidney with epithelial and endothelial cells. The grafts made urine in the lab setting. Some grafts were transplanted into the rat, and also produced urine after transplantation.IntroductionDialy...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand how non-medical interventions impact COVID-19 transmission, especially to plan future measures to combat the ongoing pandemic. In this study, the researchers used data from American counties of reported infections and deaths along with data about how people move from place to place and a mathematical transmission model. Combining these three things, the researchers quantified changes in COVID-19 transmission in the U.S from March 2020 to May 2020. They found...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The purpose of this study is to discuss the effect of COVID-19 on the central nervous system (CNS). Databases were searched for relevant articles. Very little information is currently available. However, two studies provide documented data. The involvement of the central nervous system in COVOID-19 infections is largely unexplored and understudied. However, it is very likely that there is neurological involvement in severe patients. Introduction Coronavirus primarily targets th...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMucosal barrier immunity in the intestine is essential for maintaining the commensal microflora (friendly gut bacteria) and fighting bacterial infection. Previously, immune and epithelial cells were thought to maintain this balance between harboring the commensal microflora and fighting infection. In this study, the researchers show that the enteric nervous system (ENS), or neurons in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in this balance. The researchers found that the ENS ...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractFamotidine is a drug commonly used for gastric acid suppression. Some researchers have pointed to it possibly stopping SARS-CoV-2 replication. This study tested whether famotidine use is associated with better outcomes in COVID-19 patients. These patients were hospitalized in a non-intensive care setting. They were exposed to famotidine within 24 hours of hospital admittance. The study found that famotidine use was associated with a reduced risk for death or intubation, and for death alo...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Alexander Alexandrov on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThis was a retrospective study about the effect of hydroxychloroquine (with or without azithromycin) on in-hospital mortality and abnormal electrocardiogram findings. The study focused on adverse effects of this drug, opposed to its efficacy as a COVID-19 therapeutic. Records from 25 NY metropolitan region hospitals (representing 88.2% of COVID-19 patients in the area) were collected. Four groups were examined: patients receiving hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, hydroxychloroquine a...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe transmission of SARS-CoV-2 through droplets is clear, but whether it can be transmitted through aerosols (airborne transmission) is not. This study investigated whether SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted through aerosols by measuring viral RNA in two Wuhan hospitals during the COVID-19 outbreak. The researchers found that levels of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in isolation wards and vented patient rooms was low, but higher in patients' toilet areas. SARS-CoV-2 levels were undetectable except in two areas p...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThere are many existing hypotheses for the mechanism of DNA replication. There are three main models. The conservative model states that the parent DNA molecule remains completely intact. New DNA molecules are made of completely new strands. The semiconservative model states that each new DNA has one new strand and one parent strand. The dispersive model states that fragments of the parent are randomly passed on.Previous experiments used radioisotope labels to study DNA. In this experime...
  • 1

    likes

    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    SummaryWorking memory is the immediate memory of outside information, such as listening to someone speak or performing a task. It is a very conscious form of memory and is characterized by non-stop neuron spikes. Researchers analyzed the local field potential in the prefrontal cortex in monkeys’ brains during a task. Gamma and beta oscillations are types of brain waves. Both of these waves appeared during the tasks in neurons that were encoding or decoding memory to do the task. They showed up a...