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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractAbout 100,000 people in the United States are in need of a kidney transplant, and 400,000 people are on dialysis. This study aims to discover more about the ability to create a transplantable kidney graft. They decellularized a rat, pig, and human kidney in this study, and recellularized the rat kidney with epithelial and endothelial cells. The grafts made urine in the lab setting. Some grafts were transplanted into the rat, and also produced urine after transplantation.IntroductionDialy...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The authors compared patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a healthy control group about childhood traumatic life events, parental attitudes, family history of mental illness, and birth risk factors. BPD patients reported more severe traumatic events and childhood traumatic experiences (i.e., sexual abuse, violence, separation from parents). Attitudes towards parents were significantly more negative in BPD patients. BPD patients also reported higher rates of mental il...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractFamotidine is a drug commonly used for gastric acid suppression. Some researchers have pointed to it possibly stopping SARS-CoV-2 replication. This study tested whether famotidine use is associated with better outcomes in COVID-19 patients. These patients were hospitalized in a non-intensive care setting. They were exposed to famotidine within 24 hours of hospital admittance. The study found that famotidine use was associated with a reduced risk for death or intubation, and for death alo...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adults. Research shows that ADHD patients have symptoms of abnormal circadian rhythms. A person’s circadian rhythm is how their body changes as night and day pass. In other words, it is their sleep-wake cycle. A mutation in a protein involved in this cycle, per1b, causes zebrafish to display ADHD-like symptoms. These symptoms include hyperactivity, bad impulse control, decreas...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractUnderstanding the origin of SARS-CoV-2 is important for drug development, vaccine development, and future virus prevention. This study shows high sequence conservation around the receptor binding motif (RBM) in the Spike gene in human, bat, and pangolin coronaviruses. Understanding the recombination that led to SARS-CoV-2 could explain how new human coronaviruses emerge.IntroductionCOVID-19 has spread since December 2019 and is now a global pandemic declared by the World Health Organizat...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe very contagious COVID-19 has had an immense impact on the world and killed an unprecedented amount of people across the globe. This especially applies to ethnic and racial minorities. Many minority groups have already been pushed into a societally disadvantaged position, making them even more vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the United States, this especially applies to Black Americans. For example, the idea of “Black Immunity” gives some Black Americans the false idea that CO...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDiabetes patients seem to have different clinical outcomes based on their race. Understanding how cultural and racial factors affect these patients can bring about more efficient and humane care. It is possible that factors like food/housing insecurity, perceived discrimination, and mental health are not taken into consideration when caring for these patients. More research is necessary to determine how these conditions affect these patients in a clinical setting.Burden of Type 2 Diabete...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Aims:The researchers aimed to study early clinical and CT developments of COVID-19 pneumonia. These signs can provide clues for early diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.Introduction:The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The virus has an envelope and granules. It originated from Wuhan, Hubei, China. Symptoms are acute, onset, and severe. The disease is very infectious. The virus is spread through respiratory droplets, contact...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand how non-medical interventions impact COVID-19 transmission, especially to plan future measures to combat the ongoing pandemic. In this study, the researchers used data from American counties of reported infections and deaths along with data about how people move from place to place and a mathematical transmission model. Combining these three things, the researchers quantified changes in COVID-19 transmission in the U.S from March 2020 to May 2020. They found...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    SummaryWorking memory is the immediate memory of outside information, such as listening to someone speak or performing a task. It is a very conscious form of memory and is characterized by non-stop neuron spikes. Researchers analyzed the local field potential in the prefrontal cortex in monkeys’ brains during a task. Gamma and beta oscillations are types of brain waves. Both of these waves appeared during the tasks in neurons that were encoding or decoding memory to do the task. They showed up a...