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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe 2020 COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting discriminated and marginalized peoples more than others. Crises like this pandemic cause social inequality to be exaggerated, especially when economic troubles are involved. This writing looks to explain and expand upon how COVID-19 has affected these groups of people. These researchers would like to outline research plans and models for professionals to follow. This would help experts analyze and study how COVID-19 is affecting vulnerable po...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    AbstractAcute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when inflammation of the lungs leads to respiratory failure without cardiac failure. The mortality of patients with ARDS is still high despite efforts to develop treatments. Identifying biomarkers of ARDS will help decrease mortality. This study looks at soluble advanced glycation end-products, soluble tumor necrosis factor-receptor 1, interleukin-6, interleukin8, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 for ARDS treatment by a soluble inhib...
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    dcyphr-d by Leanna Zelle on 2020-06-18
    IntroductionEven though more than six million people worldwide are in need of an organ transplant, only about 150,000 people get transplants in a year. One third of the patients who need an organ in the US get one per year. 7,600 people die each year on the organ transplant waiting list.Many individuals in the health care world have concerns about organ donation and transplantation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients receiving the organs may be more likely to get an infection or virus. The ne...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractIt is important to understand how non-medical interventions impact COVID-19 transmission, especially to plan future measures to combat the ongoing pandemic. In this study, the researchers used data from American counties of reported infections and deaths along with data about how people move from place to place and a mathematical transmission model. Combining these three things, the researchers quantified changes in COVID-19 transmission in the U.S from March 2020 to May 2020. They found...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    SummaryWorking memory is the immediate memory of outside information, such as listening to someone speak or performing a task. It is a very conscious form of memory and is characterized by non-stop neuron spikes. Researchers analyzed the local field potential in the prefrontal cortex in monkeys’ brains during a task. Gamma and beta oscillations are types of brain waves. Both of these waves appeared during the tasks in neurons that were encoding or decoding memory to do the task. They showed up a...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractMucosal barrier immunity in the intestine is essential for maintaining the commensal microflora (friendly gut bacteria) and fighting bacterial infection. Previously, immune and epithelial cells were thought to maintain this balance between harboring the commensal microflora and fighting infection. In this study, the researchers show that the enteric nervous system (ENS), or neurons in the gastrointestinal tract, plays an important role in this balance. The researchers found that the ENS ...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Using psychiatric signs or symptoms, symptom severity, diagnoses based on ICD-10, DSM-IV, or the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (third edition), quality of life, and employment as outcome variables in this systematic review and meta-analysis, the researchers examined the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric (i.e., delirium) displays of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. If SARS-CoV-2 follows a similar course to SARS-CoV or MERS, most patients will likely recover without experiencing a ...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The authors compared patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a healthy control group about childhood traumatic life events, parental attitudes, family history of mental illness, and birth risk factors. BPD patients reported more severe traumatic events and childhood traumatic experiences (i.e., sexual abuse, violence, separation from parents). Attitudes towards parents were significantly more negative in BPD patients. BPD patients also reported higher rates of mental il...
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    dcyphr-d by Christina Hijiya on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDrosophila is a genus of flies that is commonly used as a model organism to study a variety of biological processes. The eyeless gene in Drosophila encodes a transcription factor. It is homologous (has a similar structure) to the Pax-6 gene and Aniridia gene in mice and humans respectively. Aniridia, Pax-6, and eyeless are all expressed during eye development. Loss-of-function mutations in these genes result in eye structures becoming smaller or being lost all together, suggesting that t...
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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Abstract: Respiratory infections such as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) can spread through droplets, airborne particles, and aerosols from speaking, sneezing, or coughing. The spread of the virus can come from presymptomatic, asymptomatic, or symptomatic individuals.The CDC has recommended home-made cloth face coverings for the general public. N95 respirators are the gold standard. Currently they are in short supply and should be reserved for the medical professionals. There is ...