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dcyphr | Social Sciences
Social Sciences

Research involving the intricate relationships among humans and society.

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    dcyphr-d by Daniel Amuedo on 2020-06-18
    Main textThe underrepresentation of Black scientists goes beyond the research team, it applies to the authors, reviewers, and advisory board. It is easy to redirect the blame and point out that any journal is a reflection of the scientific ecosystem. To hide behind statistics. It is an epidemic of denial and it is vital that everybody deny the status quo to fight the overt racism which cripples the lives of Black Americans, including Black scientists. Science has a racism problem Look at human g...
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    dcyphr-d by Janet Hsu on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Black American communities are suffering tremendously from the COVID-19 pandemic. Underlying health and social problems make the issues from the pandemic worse. The syndemic theory can help to understand what is happening. A syndemic is when multiple diseases concentrate in a particular community. The co-occurence of the diseases worsen the outcomes of the diseases. The syndemic often coincides with the social problems of that community. Social factors and history have especially caused...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractUsing a structured interview on an ethnically diverse sample of 394 adolescents from 2 outpatient settings, the authors tested the relationship between reported histories of childhood maltreatment, symptoms of drug (mainly alcohol) abuse and dependence, and risky sexual behavior. They found symptoms of alcohol abuse and dependence mediated relations between scores of (1) emotional neglect (2) sex with co-occurring alcohol use and (3) sexual abuse with sex with co-occurring alcohol abuse....
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe study sought to clarify the role of boldness in defining psychopathy and distinguish psychopathy from antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).  They used the triarchic model of psychopathy, which describes the disorder along the dimensions of disinhibition, meanness, and boldness, to achieve this. This study evaluated the degree to which aspects of the triarchic model are represented in the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), in comparison with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractDiabetes patients seem to have different clinical outcomes based on their race. Understanding how cultural and racial factors affect these patients can bring about more efficient and humane care. It is possible that factors like food/housing insecurity, perceived discrimination, and mental health are not taken into consideration when caring for these patients. More research is necessary to determine how these conditions affect these patients in a clinical setting.Burden of Type 2 Diabete...
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    dcyphr-d by Adit Seth on 2020-06-18
    Abstract   The purpose of the research is to test whether cognitive psychology is relatively immune to nonnaïveté effects. 9 out of 9 major findings (selected on the basis of three findings per domains of perception/action, memory, and language) of cognitive psychology were reproducible and remained robust. Aims   The paper aims to evaluate whether the “comparatively robust” field of cognitive psychology can hold up to the ‘hallmark of scientific rigour’ by testing the reproducibility of nine pr...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe 2020 COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting discriminated and marginalized peoples more than others. Crises like this pandemic cause social inequality to be exaggerated, especially when economic troubles are involved. This writing looks to explain and expand upon how COVID-19 has affected these groups of people. These researchers would like to outline research plans and models for professionals to follow. This would help experts analyze and study how COVID-19 is affecting vulnerable po...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract The authors compared patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) with a healthy control group about childhood traumatic life events, parental attitudes, family history of mental illness, and birth risk factors. BPD patients reported more severe traumatic events and childhood traumatic experiences (i.e., sexual abuse, violence, separation from parents). Attitudes towards parents were significantly more negative in BPD patients. BPD patients also reported higher rates of mental il...
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    dcyphr-d by Sean Small on 2020-06-18
    Abstract Using psychiatric signs or symptoms, symptom severity, diagnoses based on ICD-10, DSM-IV, or the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders (third edition), quality of life, and employment as outcome variables in this systematic review and meta-analysis, the researchers examined the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric (i.e., delirium) displays of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19. If SARS-CoV-2 follows a similar course to SARS-CoV or MERS, most patients will likely recover without experiencing a ...
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    dcyphr-d by Michael Rogan on 2020-06-18
    AbstractThe very contagious COVID-19 has had an immense impact on the world and killed an unprecedented amount of people across the globe. This especially applies to ethnic and racial minorities. Many minority groups have already been pushed into a societally disadvantaged position, making them even more vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the United States, this especially applies to Black Americans. For example, the idea of “Black Immunity” gives some Black Americans the false idea that CO...